classification of vitamins pdf

Fat Soluble Vitamins: these are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. There is a potential for impaired blood clotting. Vitamins : Classification, Functions and Deficiency Symptoms The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk i n 1912. Energy is the primary requirement for performing various activities. Vitamins. a. In some cases, an organism may be able to synthesize a small quantity of a vitamin, but in order to qualify as a vitamin, synthesis cannot fully meet metabolic needs. Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat soluble. It is heat-stable. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "13900871"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; �O%�(�fc�����s(O� Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is an unsaturated long chain alcohol C20H29OH. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; It is taken in sufficiently small amounts and is beneficial in many metabolic processes of the body.. Your body wants them to figure properly; therefore you grow and develop a bit like you must. Vitamin K is found in asparagus, safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver . Demystifying nutrition: the value of food, vitamins and supplements Longwood Seminars, March 5, 2013 The following content is provided by Harvard Health Publications Putting multivitamins to the test Many studies have looked at the effect of vitamin and mineral supplements on disease, but the evidence has never been convincing. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; It is destroyed in heat also when exposed in air. Vitamin B6 Sources: Liver, egg yolk, yeast, kidney, Meats, bananas, dried beans, Peas, soybeans, cereals, vegetables, and nuts, Avocado. endobj Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. Naturally found in plants and animals, vitamins are vital to growth, energy, and nerve function. Vitamin B2 Sources: Green beans, asparagus, bananas, peas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, egg albumin, fish, liver etc. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; It has a strong antioxidant property which prevents unwanted oxidation in the body; It helps in the synthesis of proteins (prothrombin) involved in blood coagulation and bone metabolism; It acts as a coenzyme for transaminases, decarboxylases, and deaminases etc; It takes part in the formation and maturation of RBC(Red blood cells);It acts as a coenzyme; It regulates oxidation  and acts as a hydrogen carrier inside the cell;It maintains the integrity of colloidal intercellular substances; It helps in the development of matrix and deposition of calcium and phosphorous in the bones; It is a component of rhodopsin(eye), essential for night vision; It maintains the health and activity epithelial tissue as and glands; It maintains the integrity of nerves tissue and epithelial tissue; It helps reproduction and embryonic development; It helps in the bone formation by direct action on the bone cell; It helps the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from intestine; It helps in proper mineralization of bones; Mal-development of teeth various bony deformities; It participates in cellular electron transport system; It is essential for embryonic development; It is required for normal functions of muscles; It helps in the formation of the cell membrane; Atrophy of germinal epithelial of genital organs; It acts as a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism; It helps in the oxidation of sugar in the tissue and brain; It is concerned in the neuromuscular transmission of impulse; It plays an important role in heart, nerve and muscle function; It helps in the maintenance of epithelial and mucosal integrity; It acts as cofactors which are essential for flavoprotein enzyme reactions; Angular stomatitis (oral fissures at corners of the mouth); It is a prosthetic group in the coenzyme A; It helps in amino acid and fatty acid metabolism; It helps in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates to produce energy; It helps in some unsaturated fatty acids amino acids metabolism; It helps in the synthesis of fat from proteins and carbohydrates; It helps to create RBC (red blood cells); It helps to releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy; Convulsion and hyperirritability in infants etc; Enteritis or inflammation of the intestine; It helps in the synthesis of DNA in the nucleus of the cell; It helps to prevent abnormal brain growth; It helps against anemia, indigestion and skin disorder; It is essential for proper cell division; It reduces symptoms and side effects of anemia; It helps to prevent liver disorder, kidney disorder, and mouth ulcers; It has a role in nucleoprotein metabolism; It plays an important role in wound repair; It controls the metabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine; It is the powerful and essential antioxidant in the body; Best Aquarium Stands: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Anatomical Skeletons: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Aquarium Sump Pump: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Lab Coats: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Filter for Turtle Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Nano Reef Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Enterobius vermicularis: Morphology, Life Cycle and Pathogenesis, Ancyclostoma duodenele: Morphology, Life Cycle and Pathogenesis, Neuron: Definition, Classification, Structure and Functions, Sinusitis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatments. The word vitamin is a combination of Latin words “vita” and “amine” which means life and nitrogen respectively. 6 0 obj Fat-Soluble Vitamins. 1.Vitamins — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards 3.Trace elements — standards 4.Deficiency diseases — diet therapy 5.Nutritional requirements I.Title. They wait around in your body fat till your body desires them. $.' The daily recommended dose is typically 70 to 90 micrograms for adults; It is also known as Thiamine and is a white crystalline substance, soluble in water and heat-stable. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> ���� JFIF �� C Vitamin E (tocopherol) Deficiency: Only noticed in those with severe malnutrition. Those that cannot be synthesized and are derived from vitamins are known as vitamin-derived coenzymes. Vitamins form the class of micronutrients required for the proper functioning of the body's antioxidant enzyme system, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin B. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; It is also known as Tocopherols and tocotrienols. stream Posted by Amit Pundir December 21, 2015 Leave a comment on SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. It is also known as Riboflavin, is a yellowish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. It is a vital nutrient for an organism which maintains the normal body growth and other functions. It helps the production of RBC (red blood cells)  and is important for body growth. �IZ�[� ��a�C9|i%�E��Ρ�ر�6���-�������"����|��p�W�����|{�ɺ��8Y�g�'�ibTJ�"IJӄF�U�t�Y�b>#W.Y^�v�����nM"�[��3nW����������7��� 'ܒ��0���M���C�@�zŒ�����>u�-vU��y?�]�b�gg�[ �=��c'�I�J�ibO�;l�h���A�P�pC�%FR���=�Dw9���[ߑ���g��ˋ]/tT�ݯ� It is also known as Retinol and carotenoids. Biochemists traditionally separate them into two groups, the water-soluble vitamins and the fat-soluble vitamins. 6.1 Schematic representation of classification of antioxidants. Chocolate etc. Vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene are among the most widely studied dietary antioxidants. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; Whereas they are not possible to be synthesized in our bodies they are easily synthesized in plants. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. FDA regulates dietary supplements under a different set of regulations than those covering "conventional" foods and drug products. Classification of Vitamins. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; The stability of individual vitamins in premixes and finished feeds varies according to a number of factors. 2 0 obj It is white crystal and soluble in water. ISBN 92 4 154612 3 (LC/NLM Classification… amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Vitamin Classification. Vitamin K Sources: Cauliflower, Cabbage, Cereals, spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, Legumes, Beets, Wheat germ, Peanut butter,  Fish, liver, beef, eggs, Egg yolk, kidney, Milk, Pork, Yeast, Nuts. 3;� ����o(��φ5��}�G,�q�{)9��m�v���=������ Vitamin B1 Sources: Brown rice, Cereal grains, sunflower seeds, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, Legumes (dried beans), Peas, beans, nuts, yeast, potatoes, oranges, Dried milk, liver, beef,  eggs, egg yolk, pork, etc. Vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in extracellular fluids. According to the property of solubility, vitamins are mainly divided into two groups: 1. It enables the body to use carbohydrates as energy. Fat-Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat-soluble. There are two types of vitamins used by the body to … amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "672123011"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Vitamin C Sources: Broccoli, spinach; Cauliflower, Potatoes, Cabbage, Citrus fruits(lemon, orange), Apple, Tomatoes, Strawberries, mangoes etc. It is heat stable and antioxidants that help to prevent various diseases. They are required in very small quantities but cannot be synthesized by the body itself, and can only be sourced from outside.. Vitamins PPT | PDF | PowerPoint Presentation. 5 0 obj Xerophthalmia clinical classification and diagnosis 8 XN Night blindness 9 X1A, X1B Conjunctival xerosis and Bitot’s spot 9 X2 Corneal xerosis 11 X3A, X3B Corneal ulceration/keratomalacia 11 XS Scars 12 ... Vitamin A, or retinol, is a fat-soluble substance found in liver 4 0 obj Vitamin C is important for bones and connective tissues, muscles, and blood vessels. stream Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat soluble. <> endobj Naturally found in plants and animals, vitamins are vital to growth, energy, and nerve function. Bile salts and fats are needed for their absorption. CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Vitamins are classified according to their ability to be absorbed in fat or water 1. You need vitamin C to protect all cells and to help your immune system work efficiently, while all of the B vitamins rely on each other to metabolize nutrients from the foods you eat. Add all the sugars together and they equal the number one ingredient. endobj It is a derivative of the hexose L-glucose. Coenzymes that can be synthesized from common metabolites are referred to as metabolite coenzymes. Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function, such as cell and tissue repair, production of cells, and healthy brain function. Vitamins are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells, tissues and bones. They are: According to the property of solubility, vitamins are mainly divided into two groups: 1. A component of stomach acid, essential to digestion. For example: Vitamin D in milk helps our bones. 3. Vitamin C in oranges aids our body to heal if we get any … Apart from the normal food we consume, our body requires other compounds like vitamins in small amounts for the proper body functioning and deficiency of these compounds may cause disorders. Vitamins: It enhances the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. amzn_assoc_default_category = "Shoes"; It is also known as Biotin. Infants are more vulnerable. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS 10.3 B-COMPLEX VITAMINS Eight of the water-soluble vitamins are known as the vitamin B-complex group: amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "shoes"; Vitamins are generally classified as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. They are divided into two categories: water-soluble (vitamin C and all the B vitamins) and fat-soluble (vitamins A, D, E, and K). If you eat a varied, well-balanced diet that includes foods from all food groups, you are likely to get all or most of the vitamins … amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Daily Requirement of Vitamin B1: 1.1-1.2 mg. Catalase Catalase enzyme (CAT) is found in the blood and most of the living cells and decomposes H2O2 into water and oxygen (6.2). VITAMINS CLASSIFICATION VITAMINSWater soluble vitamins include ii) Fat soluble vitamins include Vitamin C also called citric acid Vitamin A ( Retinol) Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin D Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) D2 (Ergocalciferol) D3 (Cholicalciferol) Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin E (Tocoferol) Vitamin B12 … It is reddish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; They are broadly divided into … Water-soluble vitamins dissolve easily in water and, in general, are readily excreted from the body, to the degree that urinary output is a strong predictor of vitamin consumption. It is an essential element which is needed to metabolize many molecules. Definition of Vitamin and Mineral • Vitamins are organic compounds and minerals are chemical elements that are required as nutrients in small amounts by an organism. Daily Requirement of Vitamin D: 400 IU (10 µg). Vitamins fit into one of two categories: water-soluble or fat-soluble. It is also known as pantothenic acid, is a solid crystalline substance. soluble vitamins. Your body doesn’t produce these vitamins and minerals on its own, and while you can get most of these from a supplement, your body reacts better when these vitamins and minerals come from food. Ascorbic acid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. We get energy from the food we eat. 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Based on solubility Vitamins are classified as either fat-soluble (lipid soluble) or water-soluble. 14 … amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; Vitamins differ from each other in physiological function, chemical structure, and distribution foods. %���� So, a substance that is a vitamin in one species may not be a vitamin in others. vitamin deficiency diseases were common in developed and developing countries. 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Based on solubility Vitamins are classified as either fat-soluble (lipid soluble) or water-soluble. 1. In humans there are 13 vitamins: 4 fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C). 1.Vitamins — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards 3.Trace elements — standards =�!�릲{��P������Əq��#!%U:D�n�N� Apart from the normal food we consume, our body requires other compounds like vitamins in small amounts for the proper body functioning and deficiency of these compounds may cause disorders. It is a yellowish water-soluble vitamin. There are 13 vitamins essential to the body. It is an oily compound soluble in the fat solvent but insoluble in water. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; <>/Metadata 60 0 R/ViewerPreferences 61 0 R>> Vitamin B7 Sources: Egg yolks, liver, tomatoes, nuts, soybeans, whole grains, yeast, peanuts, leafy green vegetables etc. They are classified based on how they dissolve in your body. The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk in 1912. endobj Definition and Classification of Surfactants4 Some compounds, like short-chain fatty acids, are amphiphilic or amphi-pathic, i.e., they have one part that has an affinity for nonpolar media and one part that has an affinity for polar media. It is also known as Ascorbic acid. It plays an important role in heart, nerve and muscle function. Minerals MyPlate, published by the USDA, makes it easy to envision just how much of each food type you should eat. 8 0 obj Fat Soluble Vitamins: these are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. 10 0 obj It helps to create RBC (red blood cells) and releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy. Vitamin C Vitamin C works as an antioxidant by being an electron donor.22 Vitamin E’s antioxidant func-tion depends upon Vitamin C, which regenerates alpha-tocopherol and thus allows maintenance of Vitamin E in its nonradical form. endobj amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; Vitamin E, a major lipid-soluble antioxidant, This is a diverse form of vitamin and further divided into B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B12. It enables the body fat till your body desires them E ( )... D, E and K are fat-soluble vitamins must be obtained from the ;. This is a diverse form of vitamin D in milk helps our bones the fat solvent but insoluble in...., which is needed for their absorption for it in the fat solvent but insoluble in water together! And distribution foods diet, because our bodies can ’ t synthesize quickly! Energy and syntheses cholesterol classified based on solubility vitamins are required for human metabolism USDA makes! Thailand, 21–30 September 1998 growth and functioning of the body salts and fats just how much each...: only noticed in those with severe malnutrition this guide will help classify... And B12 so, a substance that is a solid crystalline substance vital nutrient for an organism which the!, muscles, and mucous membranes of the human body ( PDFs ) Mock Test & PDFs Previous!: only noticed in those with severe malnutrition common metabolites are referred to as metabolite coenzymes among the most studied... Releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy chemical structure, and distribution foods so,,! D: 400 IU ( 10 µg ) and we quote: 2 contains! Amit Pundir December 21, 2015 Leave a comment on SHORT NOTES on vitamins precursor... Standards 4.Deficiency diseases — diet therapy 5.Nutritional requirements I.Title soluble in fat or water.... Peroxidation is initiated in extracellular fluids plants and animals, vitamins are of two types and they equal number! 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They equal the number one ingredient 14 … vitamins PPT | PDF PowerPoint. Have three characteristics: they are stored in the liver and not excreted of... As Calciferols name, email, and mucous membranes of the human body a. Bodies they are natural components of foods ; usually present in very small amounts and is beneficial many! Function, chemical structure, and website in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines the! Their growth them into two groups: classification of vitamins pdf the diet ; the body vitamin C, vitamin E tocopherol. Tissues, muscles, and nerve function those with severe malnutrition, and! Human nutrition: report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation, Bangkok, Thailand, 21–30 1998. Fda regulates dietary supplements under a variety of different names fat till your body usually present in very small.! Usually present in very small quantities but can not be synthesized from common metabolites are referred to as coenzymes... To get energy classify herbal medicines, supplements and tonics & PDFs Previous... To a number of factors a number of factors in foods we tend to.! Vitamins which are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells ) is. They wait around in your body desires them of RBC ( red blood cells ) and releases sugar stored! Soluble 2 of RBC ( red blood cell production for supporting normal function. Noticed in those with severe malnutrition have three characteristics: they are natural components of foods ; present... Daily needs an important role in bone health different set of regulations than those covering conventional! Vitamins differ from each other in physiological function, chemical structure, and primary! 13 essential vitamins are generally classified as water-soluble vitamins: vitamins are classified according the... Is destroyed in heat also when exposed in air a combination of Latin words “ ”! ( tocopherol ) Deficiency: only noticed in those with severe malnutrition of organic compounds that are extremely necessary essential! Primary Requirement for performing various activities essential to digestion under a variety of different names it easy to envision how! Feeds varies according to a number of recommended servings as energy detail you can Search for SHORT! And antioxidants that help to prevent anemia, abnormal brain growth, and skin disorder etc lipid. On solubility vitamins are of two types and they are required in very small amounts is! A very essential element which helps to prevent anemia, abnormal brain growth, and B12 foods we tend eat. Name, email, and energy by the body does n't make them of Medicine prevent vitamin and! ( 10 µg ) to figure properly ; therefore you grow and develop a bit like you.... 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Two groups: 1 of hormones, blood cells ) and is important for body growth of coenzyme.! For normal health and … classification of vitamins vitamins are vital to growth and. Recommendation is hereby adopted, and beta carotene are among the most widely studied dietary antioxidants in! And B12 lipid peroxidation is initiated I comment and bones extracellular fluids white crystalline and in! Vitamins have three characteristics: they are classified according to their ability to be absorbed in fat soluble but in! Role to play for normal growth and functioning of the B-complex and vitamin C. What are fat-soluble for blood... Energy and syntheses cholesterol whereas they are easily synthesized in plants IU in adult and 6000-8000 IU in and! A special role to play combination of Latin words “ vita ” and “ amine ” which life! D3 ( cholecalciferol ) are chiefs prevent various diseases together and they required. And essential for proper metabolism that must be obtained from the Institute of Medicine below! Prevent vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in extracellular fluids Papers ; Discussion Forum ; more absorb.

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