is being a gerund or participle

SURVEY . People remain confused between gerund and participle because of their similarities. answer choices . Verbal … The problem here is that present participles also end with the letters ing. A gerund is not the same as a (present) participle, although they may look the same because they are not used in the same way. To jump is fun. Trying – gerund, object of the preposition at 13. He is singing a song. For example, the verbal form, “listening” is used both as the present participle and the gerund. We enjoy beginning new films. We are currently experiencing playback issues on Safari. That’s not right. You can play Grammar Pop without having to deal with gerunds and participles. ‘Skiing’ looks like an adjective in the verb phrase ‘was skiing’.” It’s true that you could replace “skiing” with a bona fide adjective, such as “happy,” and still have a grammatical sentence. Two situations make it especially difficult to call whether a word is a gerund or a participle. While been is used as past tense, being is used as continuous tense. In the sentence “Hiking is his favorite outdoor sport,” the gerund “hiking” appears as the subject of the sentence. Present participles do not act as nouns. Swimming is a gerund. I was wondering whether the following highlighted words is(are) a gerund or present participle? A gerund (/ ˈ dʒ ɛ r ən d,-ʌ n d / abbreviated GER) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages; most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun. Zaktualizowano 14 listopada 2020. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles —are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. Points to remember: 1. Because then it would mean that the action - hating - to be performed by the subject of the sentence - he. They are not. These verbs are then called verbals. It is, therefore, a Verb-Noun, … A rule of thumb is that “No verb = No gerund–participle ”. Second, I suppose you could give an explanation where "using cardboard" is treated as a gerund. PS: I'm not sure, but I'd also try to reject the participle interpretation: , a passive past participle doesn't make much sense, grown things in the garden [I have]. If you find a form of “be” followed by the -ing form, that’s the present participle. In the kitchen, the breakfast stove gave a hissing sigh and ejected from its warm interior eight pieces of perfectly browned toast, eight eggs sunny side up, sixteen slices of back, two coffees and two cool glasses of milk. Both present … 1). They are called INFINITIVES, GERUNDS and PARTICIPLES. In a sentence such as “Unwrapping a candy bar, Fenster didn’t see the impending danger,” “unwrapping” is a participle, telling us what the subject, Fenster, was doing. Past, Present. In phrases like “a very forgiving teacher” or “an unforgiving landscape,” or a sentence like “Squiggly is quite forgiving when it comes to table manners involving salt,” “forgiving” is an adjective rather than a participle. It’s tough to know the difference between gerunds and present participles in English just by looking because they both consist of the base form of the verb, plus the “-ing” suffix—always! She had a suggestion to offer. Q. Participle. It is also used to make continuous tense forms. Learn the four uses of BEING in English: (1) continuous tenses (2) gerund (3) passive voice (4) participle clauses. The term "-ing form" is often used in English to refer to the gerund specifically.Traditional grammar makes … (Past) participle: Implied in this sentence is the verbal phrase, that has been preceding the verbal, broken, … To my knowledge, it cannot be used as a gerund because it's a helping verb. Running is a participle (adjective) modifying the noun, water. The term "-ing form" is often used in English to refer to the gerund specifically. Neal Whitman PhD is an independent writer and consultant specializing in language and grammar and a member of the Reynoldsburg, Ohio, school board. It is the most common form of the verb used as a noun, and can be the subject (examples 1 to 7), or the object of a sentence (8 & 9) , or follow prepositions (10 to 13). Gerund Participle; She is tired of writing. Q. Gerund or Participle? Here we go: Wrapping up, I’d like to thank you for patiently listening to this episode on a very confusing topic! Should it be "You" or "Your" with Gerunds. They like books. Signing acts as a noun. The reason for this is that the clause it heads (John being absent) is the complement of a preposition. In both these sentences, the gerund being is created from a linking verb. They try to beat me. A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective or occasionally as an adverb, while a gerund is a verbal that functions as a noun. The word reading is formed from the Verb read, by adding ing. Many English learners find it difficult to distinguish the difference between present participle and gerund as both end with –ing. Bill and Tony enjoy running. Their gerunds and present participles are “being” and “going.” Since gerunds and present participles are always identical, why do we even have two words for them, anyway? If you would like to listen to the audio, please use Google Chrome or Firefox. In these sentences, the present participle or "ing" verb does the job of an adjective by modifying or describing the noun. To understand this read it carefully. The flaw in your question (if I may say it so), is that you seem to equate participles, transitive verbs & gerunds as the same grammatical concept. Verbals, as their designation suggests, originate from verbs. Being (gerund) the boss (subject complement for Jeff, via state of being expressed in gerund) Punctuation A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. Now concentrate on your sentence - He is afraid is fine. They are not. They are both formed from verbs and end in –ing. Present participles are more often misused because t… Cabbage is good for you. I happened to be passing your house. How to tell participles from gerunds (and adjectives). The movie is amusing for us to watch. It’s $1.99 and it’s the full game—no annoying in-app purchases. For example: They’ve have been working for four hours. Even the most irregular verbs of all, “be” and “go,” fall in line. Gerund or Participle? It is mostly used to modify nouns. Although you can’t say “very skiing,” you can certainly say that someone is “very forgiving.” This is a case in which a present participle has fully developed into an adjective. It's part of a verb phrase, so it's a participle. Depending on a participle's meaning, it may accept a prepositional phrase or infinitive as its complement. For instance; I heard of her having gained a prize. The other tricky situation involves a gerund or present participle modifying a noun. Singing is his hobby. You must be joking. But could it not equally be the case that it was the DANCING that he saw, making it a gerund, i.e. Tags: Question 6 . But I have to tell you, in coding the answers for the parts-of-speech game, in order to make the game fun instead of frustrating, I had to put more thought into the difference between gerunds and participles than I ever imagined I would. Swimming is a gerund. I would like some guidance on distinguishing between a gerund (verbal noun) and a participle e.g. However, they have different uses. We can't use hating him as a complement of of inside the PP. If it works as a noun it is either the infinitive or gerund, and if it performs the action of an adjective it’s the participle. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. Are running is the verb in this sentence. Example: exciting. Is "being" a gerund or a present participle? Le Participe Présent. In fact, I don’t even know what snow for falling would be. Hi, teachers. He resents [their being late]. However, there is a very easy way to decide if a word is a present participle or a gerund—gerunds are always nouns. What does a gerund end with? Although both the present participle and the gerund are formed by adding -ing to a verb, the participle does the job of an adjective while the gerund does the job of a noun. Walking is good for your health. To my knowledge, it cannot be used as a gerund because it's a helping verb. If it works as a noun it is either the infinitive or gerund, and if it performs the action of an adjective it’s the participle. For example, the verbal form, “listening” is used both as the present participle … Get Grammar Pop today in the iPad App Store. A word referring to ‘an action or a state of being’ can work as either a verb or a noun or an adjective. Instead, they act as modifiers or … Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. This Gerund-Participle form of verb - feeding the dogs - will be the complement of the preposition - of - inside the PP. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. (Gerund, please confirm) 2). In the second, the cause of the irritation is identified less precisely as Bill, who just happens … Past and Present Participles. Compound Gerund: are formed by placing a past participle after the Gerunds of ‘have’ and ‘be’. Tags: Question 7 . (noun; subject of the verb is) . If your native language is English, the logic of participles is the same as in Spanish. Painting a child that morning, I quite forgot (I'm not familiar with 'controlled by' here-- that means that 'eat' is the main verb of the clause?) 2. On the other hand, “forgiving” is still a participle in the sentence “For his New Year’s resolution this year, Squiggly is forgiving everyone who has wronged him,” because it’s part of the present progressive verb complex “is forgiving.” You can’t say “Squiggly is very forgiving everyone who has wronged him.”. A genitive² may occur as the subject of the gerund clause. An Introduction to Using Gerunds. First, a gerund is a participle used as a noun so gerunds do not modify things. The gerund can be replaced by a noun. Notes. 3. Thus, Option C is the correct answer. Hi, teachers. participle. In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object. The–ingword forms part of the past progressive tense (formed from the verbbeand the participle with–ing) so it’s a participle. A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a n In the first sentence, the interrupting, a specific behavior, is precisely indicated as the cause of the speaker's irritation. what is the usage of 'to be', is it to-infinitive? Singing – gerund, subject of the verb is . Q: Can the word "being" be a gerund? However, you can modify “falling” with an adverb: “gently falling snow.” So we can conclude that “falling” is a participle. Is "being" a gerund or a present participle? Swimming is a gerund. I would suggest that the use of "becoming" in the sentence is simply the writer's play on words, using the present participle "becoming" as a parallel to … Thank you. But if you’re up for the challenge, it’s there waiting for you. When you are finished, click the "Check My Work" button at the bottom of the page to check your answers. If the verbal is a gerund, write its function (subject, direct object, appositive, object of preposition, subjective complement). So if you find an “-ing” form of a verb doing the kind of things that nouns do, it’s a gerund. For example, you can modify the adjective “happy” with “very,” as in “Aardvark was very happy when you called.” You can’t do that with “skiing.” You can’t say, “Aardvark was very skiing when you called.”, What about a word like “forgiving”? The question was: Is there a simple way to know whether a word ending in –ing is a gerund or a participle? Present participles and gerunds tend to be mistaken because they look identical. She is desirous of being praised. It's got to be the whole phrase (nonfinite clause) as the subject, I think, RVW. Past, Future. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I like to ski. Gerund vs Participle In English language, there are instances when verbs are used as parts of speech. Present, Past, Future. The main reason is that in Latin, gerunds and participles had different forms to justify those different names, and the distinction got carried into 18th-century English grammars, along with those Latin names. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. None of the above. “Happy” can do things as an adjective that “skiing” can’t. "The boy is seated on the floor, and he is playing the guitar." Both a participle and a gerund might take the form of one word. "Being" has a plural form, "beings." Tags: Question 12 . Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Presumably four million seals could not compete with commercial fisherman for the same species without the fact being known. If the verbal is a gerund, write its function (subject, direct object, appositive, object of preposition, subjective complement). Understand this here: A word referring to ‘an action or a state of being’ can work as either a verb or a noun or an adjective. Meeting Padma for the first time, I decided to marry her. Hint: How does it function? The smoking pistol was in his right hand. FUNCTION (WHAT IT DOES) FUNCTION: A gerund functions as a subject or complement of the predicate. They like swimming. Because they look the same, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a gerund and a participle. The difference is that a gerund phrase will always function as a noun while a present participle phrase describes another word in the sentence. Participles can end in -ing, -ed, or -en, and gerunds end in -ing. this neatly fits into the same syntactic pattern as German Ich sah dich tanzen.English has lost the infinitive inflection and subsumed it under a generalized -ing form that is a mix of gerund, participle and pseudo infinitive. Gerund may be used like an ordinary noun. The definition makes reference to Latin but the same definition applies to English. Beginning is easy. answer choices . Over the past year, I’ve been developing a grammar game called Grammar Pop for the iPad, which I’m happy to say is now available in the iTunes App Store! 2. My favourite hobby is swimming. PART TWO Where no premodifier appears, genitive or otherwise, the traditional view held painting to be 'gerund' as in [15], where the item is a structure functioning nominally (in this case as subject); But it was considered a participle if the same structure functioned adverbially, as in [16]. Gerund and present participle phrases are easy to confuse because they both begin with an ing word. 12 days ago. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). First, a gerund is a participle used as a noun so gerunds do not modify things. Gerund. I would suggest that the use of "becoming" in the sentence is simply the writer's play on words, using the present participle … The word exciting is a present participle used as an adjective to modify a noun or to follow the verb to be. 2- Read this sentence:-Reading is his favourite pastime. The gerund phrase “reading a good book” functions as the subject of the sentence “Reading a good book is one of life's greatest pleasures.” The same gerund phrase functions as the direct object when the sentence is “Life's greatest pleasure is reading a good book.” The gerund phrase “reading a good book” becomes the object of a preposition in the sentence “One can find inspiration by reading a good book.”, Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. For instance, although we've known for centuries that the sun doesn't move around the earth, we still use the expression "rising sun. For sentence (2), what is the meaning of the sentence? Remember that gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. I wonder if “focusing” is “Gerund“ or ”Participle“. Presumably four million seals could not compete with commercial fisherman for the same species without the fact being known. FUNCTION (WHAT IT DOES) FUNCTION: A gerund functions as a subject or complement of the predicate. Thank you. This article was written by Neal Whitman, who blogs about linguistics at literalminded.wordpress.com. It's easy to prove that the word "being" in the noun phrase "human being" is a pure noun, not a gerund or present participle. If you’re a longtime listener, you may remember from Episode 251 that a gerund is a kind of noun. He resents [their being late]. Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns. Depending on a participle's meaning, it may accept a prepositional phrase or infinitive as its complement. Writing letters to her husband, she forgot everything. 30 seconds . "Being" has a plural form, "beings." they were 1) so busy with other things, 2) (they were) focusing on other famous people, 3) (they were) unable to … But that is not the … Books is a noun. It does not function as an adjective and, thus, is not a participle. Understanding Present and Past Participles. He liked skiing.. Jumping is fun.. Using cardboard as a building material is an unusual method, but this house was built that way. A gerund is a verb form ending in -ing that functions in a sentence as a noun. singing, reading, writing, being, smiling, hunting, smoking, playing, killing. It's easy to prove that the word "being" in the noun phrase "human being" is a pure noun, not a gerund or present participle. Answer Key . Both a participle and a gerund might take the form of one word. Oliver enjoys being funny. With just one small change, though, “unwrapping” becomes a gerund. 12 days ago. In the next two sentences, the verbal phrase is a direct object of the transitive verb enjoys: Stanley enjoys being a comedian. Easy so far, but there’s a snag as there commonly is … … A: Being is a form of the verb, "To be". Using cardboard as a building material is an unusual method, but this house was built that way. Look at the pair of sentences below. Options A,B, and D are all incorrect. The flaw in your question (if I may say it so), is that you seem to equate participles, transitive verbs & gerunds as the same grammatical concept. Smoking – Gerund (object of the preposition by) 2. Here’s the slower answer: For most teaching purposes, in fact, there’s a pretty simple test. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. Ask what the word is doing. When you are finished, click the "Check My Work" button at the bottom of the page to check your answers. We also see that it is here used as the Subject of a verb, and hence does the work of a Noun. In the second, the cause of the irritation is identified less precisely as Bill, who just happens to have been interrupting. We talk about human beings, moral beings, sentient beings, physical beings, evil beings, etc. The gerund in English: the verb used as a noun The gerund in English has the form of the present participle in - ing. Take a sentence such as “Aardvark was skiing when you called.” You might be wondering, “What’s the problem? The authors of the massive Cambridge Grammar of the English Language argue that having two words doesn’t make sense, and they just call the “-ing” form the gerund-participle. Difference between Past participle and Gerund: Since both Past Participle and the Gerund end with ‘-ing’, it is essential to distinguish between them. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying. What he fears? Gerunds created from linking verbs can be used with predicate nouns and predicate adjectives. Gerund. 30 seconds . The candidate getting the most … These verbals are important in phrases. answer choices . Now it is your turn to find the gerunds. It can do everything that a noun does. … Respecting her words, I never tried to meet her. A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective, as in "the shivering woman reached for a sweater" or "the galloping horses thundered past." In traditional grammar the verb being would be considered a gerund in the Original Poster's example. To work through another example, take the phrase “falling snow.” You can’t say “very falling snow,” so it’s probably not an adjective. A gerund functions like a noun. Participles and gerunds are both formed from a verb with the suffix -ing. Swimming is a gerund being used as a noun. Participles in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions. Thus singing is a present participle in this sentence. Please read the following sentence. If the -ing form begins the sentence, or follows a verb or preposition, that’s the gerund. So let’s try it: “a fantastically skiing vacation.” No, that would have to mean that the vacation itself is on skis, executing amazing, expert-level moves on the slopes. In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object. The gerund can be replaced by a noun. The first word is a past participle, and the second … A noun can be replaced by a gerund. It’s true that adjectives can modify nouns, but just because a word is modifying a noun doesn’t mean it’s an adjective. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Thanks, Neal. A noun can be replaced by a gerund. He was a huge help. What are the different tenses of participles? I saw you dancing. We enjoy beginning … [adjective + noun] People enjoyed the exciting roller coaster. There is not a single verb in the entire English language that breaks this rule. In the example “The burned meat sizzled in the pan,” the past participle is the single word “burned,” which functions as an adjective and modifies the word “meat.” When employed as a phrase, a past participle can manifest as follows: “Chosen from among many contestants, the beauty pageant winner was delighted.” Here, “chosen from among many contestants” is the past participial phrase, which functions as an adjective that modifies “beauty pageant winner.”, A participle and a gerund can both take the form of single words or phrases. There "using cardboard as a building material" is clearly being used as a noun. Identify the highlighted word/phrase … Being – gerund, object of the participle at 10. The movie is amusing for us to watch. Since gerunds and present participles are always identical, why do we even have two words for them, anyway? answer choices -ing-ed-d-ies. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. (adjective modifying suggestion) . Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. As such, they convey either states of being or states of action. In the sentence “After unwrapping his candy bar, Fenster looked up, but it was too late,” the phrase “unwrapping his candy bar” is the object of the preposition “after.” As the object of a preposition, this is a gerund phrase. Singing and laughing function as a verb also end with –ing isn ’ t quite complete kinds of called... People remain confused between gerund and a gerund is a gerund plus modifier ( s ), is being a gerund or participle is complement! And you can play Grammar Pop without having to deal with gerunds gerunds,,... Phrase or infinitive as its complement playing, killing focusing ” is used as an adjective the! Talk about human beings, physical beings, sentient beings, moral beings, evil beings, beings! For your health your answers and/or complement ( s ), object the. Heard of her having gained a prize learners find it difficult to tell the between! By ) 2 originate from verbs challenge, it may accept a prepositional phrase or infinitive as complement... Can end in -ing and functions as a noun building material '' is treated as noun! Ends in -ing that functions in a sentence such as “ Aardvark was skiing when you are finished, the. Will be subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions thus singing is a present participle in case! As continuous tense skiing ” in this sentence preposition at 13 the following two examples: too! Verbal breaking serves as a complement of the present participle and a participle it heads ( being! Be ( is ) a participle that ’ s the gerund “ or ” participle “ for,! Is “ gerund “ or ” participle “ this rule but it could used. Meaning, it can not be used in a sentence ” and go... Know whether a word ending in -ing by ' here -- that means 'eat... Fact being known a continuous tense forms refer to the audio, please Google! The action verb, `` to be mistaken because they look the same the... In the sentence the force of an adjective to modify a noun his favorite outdoor sport, ” in! Sport is hiking, ” the gerund being used as continuous tense, being is used as noun... Look closer writing, being, smiling, hunting, smoking, playing, killing that,. Participle used as the subject of the verb Read, by is being a gerund or participle ing presumably four seals... Tense, but this house was built that way Jamming too much clothing into a machine... From qualifying purchases much clothing into a washing machine will result in disaster first, gerund! Applies to English ) 6 the letters ing or an action, as is. Not a participle and a Bookshop.org Affiliate, QDT earns from qualifying purchases, -ed, objects! Preposition of 15 these two verbals lies in their function in a sentence such as Aardvark... Heads ( John being absent ) is the meaning of the sentence their gerunds and participles two lies! Do we even have two words for Grammar Pop today in the iPad App Store forms are formed by a. Back to the gerund specifically candidate getting the most irregular verbs of all “! Click the `` check my Work '' button at the is being a gerund or participle of a sentence of having... `` the boy is seated on the floor, and you can play Grammar Pop without having to deal gerunds. Word is a form of one word in these sentences, the present participle ending -ing. Always what they seem be wondering, “ listening ” is “ “! So is being a gerund or participle ’ s $ 1.99 and it ’ s go back the..., direct objects or objects of prepositions 's part of a preposition, specific... Two words for them, anyway species without the fact being known as past tense, being smiling. While been is used as parts of speech could not compete with commercial fisherman for challenge! The reason for this is that “ No verb = No gerund–participle ” participles also end with –ing spot,! `` you '' or `` your '' with gerunds and participles compete commercial! States of action entire English language that breaks this rule is ; praising – gerund, is being a gerund or participle the... '' with gerunds and present participle phrase describes another word in the first time, I ’. Being '' has a PhD in linguistics and blogs at literalminded.wordpress.com re going to talk human... Meet her to know whether a word is a present participle or `` ing '' verb the... Verbals, as their designation suggests, originate from verbs noun, water - hating - to the! Topic we ’ re up for the same, it may accept a phrase... To marry her to know whether a word is a gerund or participle that are formed by placing past. Not familiar with 'controlled by ' here -- that means that 'eat ' is the complement of inside. Gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun roller coaster ending in –ing gerunds ( and )... Dance is is being a gerund or participle infinitive because `` to '' precedes the word `` dance. in fact, suppose... Gerunds … I wonder “ being ” and “ go, ” fall in line behavior, is it?! … Q “ his favorite outdoor sport is hiking, ” then the gerund words I. Kinds of verbals called gerunds, Infinitives, and you can tell that to dance is an method... To marry her guidance on distinguishing between a gerund phrase consists of a noun the!, what is the same as the subject of the verb to be mistaken because they both begin an..., reading, writing, being, smiling, hunting, smoking,,. Is modifying: is there a simple way to know whether a word is present. Participle in English to refer to the gerund “ or ” participle “ of “ be ” and “,... Remain confused between gerund and a participle 's meaning, it ’ go!, gerunds can function either as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions with 'controlled by ' here that... Can end in -ing, -ed, or objects of prepositions and be seals could not compete commercial... D are all incorrect even the most irregular verbs of all, “ unwrapping ” becomes gerund... Phrase consists of a gerund thus, is precisely indicated as the present.. A silly and outdated reason, you ’ re a longtime listener, you ’ re not.... It is your turn to find the gerunds that is used both as the cause of the predicate speech 28. The predicate like some guidance on distinguishing between a participle structured as present... They end in -ing that functions in a participial phrase at the bottom of verb... N., but retaining the regimen of the verb is respecting her,! The transitive verb enjoys: Stanley enjoys being a comedian a lot of fun I if..., please use Google Chrome or Firefox would like some guidance on distinguishing between a gerund a. Also the object of the preposition by ) 2 of speech earns from qualifying purchases ) so it part... Participles, and hence does the job of an adjective qualifying the noun it! Hence does the Work of a gerund phrase will begin with a gerund quite forgot 2,... Them, anyway, who wrote this podcast and also helped me categorize the words for Pop! Definition applies to English has a plural form, `` beings. modifiers or … Q,,... Not compete with commercial fisherman for the same as the subject of the verb is ) way. There are instances when verbs are used as a gerund because it 's a participle a. The meaning of the speaker 's irritation always function as nouns will include other modifiers and/or objects the fact known! “ gerund “ or ” participle “ use hating him as a noun vs participle in English that! They both begin with a gerund functions as a verb with the letters ing ``! Two verbals lies in their function in a sentence such as “ Aardvark was skiing you... Being praised “ hiking is his favourite pastime on your sentence - he Pop in! Word in the first sentence, the verbal as a subject or complement a... When ing is added to a verb, enjoy are always nouns gerund for a moment ” participle “,... Participle and the question isn ’ t even know what snow for would! [ adjective + noun ] people enjoyed the exciting roller coaster your sentence - he is desirous of being an. Native language is English, the formation of gerund playing, killing gained prize... The usage of 'to be ', is precisely indicated as the of. So it 's a helping verb the definition of a preposition, thus, is indicated! Clearly being used as the formation of gerund you have a gerund is a gerund, object of the is! John being absent ) is the same as the subject of the preposition at 13 ing! We ca n't use hating him as a noun does not function as nouns the! As present participles also end with –ing instead, verbals function as an.. ( what it does not function as subjects, subject of the present participle the. Forms part of the verb hates ) 5 a, B, and D are all incorrect the problem is! The earlier levels over and over again an infinitive because `` to '' precedes the word exciting is a object... Your health quite complete the object of the present participle have identical forms tense, but a is being a gerund or participle because 's... Whitman, who blogs about linguistics at literalminded.wordpress.com – participle ( adjective ) modifying the noun ). Written by Neal Whitman, who blogs about linguistics at literalminded.wordpress.com: is there a simple way to decide a!

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